What is Periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease or Gum disease is a very common condition where the gums become swollen, sore or infected. The main cause of periodontal disease is plaque, a sticky substance that contains bacteria, which forms in the process of eating and drinking. There are millions of bacteria exposed to our teeth every second. Some bacteria in plaque are harmless, but some are very harmful for the health of your gum. If you have gum disease, your gums may bleed while brushing teeth and may cause bad breath. This stage of gum disease is known as gingivitis. If gingivitis is not treated in time, a condition called periodontitis can develop. This affects the tissues that support teeth and hold them in place. Untreated periodontitis causes the bone in your jaw to decay and small spaces to open up between the gum and teeth eventually causing the teeth to fallout.
Preventing and treating gum disease
Mild cases of gum disease can usually be treated by maintaining a good level of oral hygiene. You should also make sure you attend regular dental check-ups. A periodontist can help you in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of periodontal disease, even with a complex medical history. They offer a wide range of treatments, such as scaling and root cleaning or root surface debridement (in which damaged tissue is removed). Severe gum disease can be treated by surgical procedures.